In vitro fertilization (or IVF) is a fertility treatment in which fertilization takes place outside a woman's body. During the IVF program, pre-implantation genetic diagnostics can be carried out, which will allow choosing healthy, strong embryos for implantation, and determining the sex of the unborn child.



IVF is performed:

• if the expectant mother experiences problems with ovulation;

• in the presence of endometriosis;

• if there are no fallopian tubes or impassable fallopian tubes;

• when there is a tendency to miscarriage;

• when the husband does not have enough or has no sperm in his seminal fluid;

• when there is a high risk of transmission of severe hereditary and genetic diseases

How IVF is performed?

The in vitro fertilization procedure consists of the following stages.

1. Stimulation of the growth of oocytes. First, a woman is fully examined, and then drugs stimulate the growth of follicles in which the oocytes mature. There are several types of stimulation protocols, which are selected individually for each patient.

2. Extraction of follicles. Follicular fluid is taken from the grown ovarian follicles with a special needle under the control of ultrasound, together with the egg. This procedure is performed under general short-term anesthesia.

3. Fertilization of oocytes and cultivation of embryos. Specially processed sperm and oocytes obtained from the follicular fluid are combined and placed in an incubator with a nutrient fluid for fertilization and further development in the conditions of an embryological laboratory.

4. Embryo transfer into the uterus. A few days after fertilization, embryos are transferred into the uterine cavity, as a rule, no more than 2 embryos are transferred. The procedure is absolutely painless.

5. Pregnancy Confirmation. According to the blood test for hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), the onset of pregnancy can be diagnosed as early as 12-14 days after the embryo transfer.

How to get prepared for the fertilization procedure?

Parents-to-be need to monitor their health and lead a healthy lifestyle.

1. Pay special attention to nutrition. We recommend excluding fast carbohydrates, animal fats, fried and sweet foods from the diet. Add foods rich in vitamins and minerals to your diet such as fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains.

2. Watch your weight. If you are overweight, you should get rid of those extra pounds. You need to lose weight gradually. Diet and physical activity should not be drastically changed.

3. Take in vitamin complexes. Particular attention should be paid to folic acid. Stop taking all medications that should not be taken during pregnancy.

4. Give up bad habits. Smoking, alcohol, coffee are prohibited. In addition, men should give up taking hot baths, baths and saunas for a while.

5. Lead an active lifestyle. Walk, do sports, breath in fresh air, have more positive emotions. After all, internal motivation for a successful result is already half of the success.

6. Limit your sexual intercourse for a few days before and after the main IVF procedures. It is also not recommended to resume sexual activity in the period from embryo transfer till making a pregnancy test.

Examination before IVF


Before IVF, it is necessary to undergo an analysis for TORCH infections (cytomegalovirus, measles rubella, toxoplasmosis, and chlamydia), blood tests for hepatitis B and C, syphilis and HIV. These infections can cause a baby's malformation and miscarriage.


The problem with infertility can be related to hormonal abnormalities. Therefore, a woman needs to undergo a hormonal examination, which is prescribed from the 1st to the 5th day of the menstrual cycle (on an empty stomach in the morning).


A man needs to have his seminal fluid tested. Before donating sperm for analysis, experts recommend giving up sex, smoking, drinking alcohol, spicy and fatty foods, hot baths and saunas for 3-7 days.

General analyzes
For men:

• blood test for determination of blood type and Rh factor, syphilis, HIV and hepatitis B and C;

• consultation with a urologist and andrologist;

• semen analysis;

• fluorography of the lungs;

• analysis of urogenital smears.

For women:

• examination by a gynecologist and cervical smears;

• ultrasound of the pelvic organs;

• conclusion of the therapist about the absence of indications for miscarriage;

• ultrasound of the mammary glands;

• blood test for determination of blood type and Rh factor, syphilis, HIV and hepatitis B and C;

• other analyzes by indications.

Are there any differences between ordinary children and children "In Vitro"?

Patients usually ask about that. Therefore, we answer - children conceived and born with the help of assisted reproductive technologies do not differ either in physical or mental abilities from children conceived naturally. They themselves successfully become fathers and mothers.

When the IVF procedure ends successfully and pregnancy occurs

Obstetrician-gynecologists at the “Victoria” Clinic have extensive practical experience in caring complicated pregnancies, which include IVF pregnancies. Our doctors individually treat each specific case. We use only modern diagnostic equipment, certified in Ukraine, and are fully responsible for the accuracy of our analyses and examinations.

Our doctors will do their best to make waiting for your baby a wonderful period of your life!